Pope John Paul II
Pius I |
Pope Pius XII
"And Jesus came and spoke unto them, saying, All power is given
unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations,
baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of
the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I
have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, [even] unto the
end of the world. Amen."
Matthew 16. Starting in verse 13,
“When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi he asked
his disciples, 'Who do people say that the Son of Man is?' They
replied, 'Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, still others
Jeremiah or one of the prophets.' He said to them, 'But who do you
say that I am?' Simon Peter said in reply, 'You are the Messiah,
the Son of the living God.' Jesus said to him in reply, 'Blessed
are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed
this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are
Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates
of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you
the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall
be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed
"Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide
you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever
he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will show you things
to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and
shall show [it] unto you." -
"Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall
be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall
be loosed in heaven."
the Catechism of the Catholic Church says on the "Papacy:"
869. "The Church is apostolic. She is built on a lasting foundation:
'the twelve apostles of the Lamb' [Rev 21:14.]. She is indestructible
(cf. Mt 16:18). She is upheld infallibly in the truth: Christ governs
her through Peter and the other apostles, who are present in their
successors, the Pope and the college of bishops."
881. "The Lord made Simon alone, whom he named Peter, the 'rock'
of his Church. He gave him the keys of his Church and instituted
him shepherd of the whole flock. [Cf. Mt 16:18-19; Jn 21:15-17 .]
'The office of binding and loosing which was given to Peter was
also assigned to the college of apostles united to its head.' [LG
22 # 2.] This pastoral office of Peter and the other apostles belongs
to the Church's very foundation and is continued by the bishops
under the primacy of the Pope."
882. "The Pope, Bishop of Rome and Peter's successor, 'is
the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both
of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful.' [LG 23.]
'For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ,
and as pastor of the entire Church has full, supreme, and universal
power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise
unhindered.' [LG 22; cf. CD 2,9.]"
895. "'The power which they exercise personally in the name
of Christ, is proper, ordinary, and immediate, although its exercise
is ultimately controlled by the supreme authority of the Church.'
[LG 27.] But the bishops should not be thought of as vicars of the
Pope. His ordinary and immediate authority over the whole Church
does not annul, but on the contrary confirms and defends that of
the bishops. Their authority must be exercised in communion with
the whole Church under the guidance of the Pope."
Promise of the Papacy
Matt. 19:27, Mark 10:28 and Mark 11:21
In the first part of this passage Jesus poses a question to all
of His disciples. He asks them who they think He is. It is Simon
Peter that speaks up and answers for all of them “You
are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” This is
one of many times that Peter is seen speaking for all of the disciples.