A virtue is a habitual and firm disposition to do the good. It
allows the person not only to perform good acts, but to give the
best of him. The virtuous person tends toward the good with all
his sensory and spiritual powers; he pursues the good and chooses
it in concrete actions.
Human virtues are firm attitudes, stable dispositions, and habitual
perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order
our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith.
They make possible ease, self-mastery, and joy in leading a morally
good life. The virtuous man is he who freely practices the good.
The moral virtues are acquired by human effort. They are the fruit
and seed of morally good acts; they dispose all the powers of the
human being for communion with divine love.
In Catholic teachings there are two kinds of virtues, the Cardinal
virtues and the Theological virtues.
The Cardinal Virtues
are Prudence, Fortitude, Temperance, and Justice.
Prudence disposes the practical reason
to discern, in every circumstance, our true good and to choose the
right means for achieving it. It guides the other virtues by setting
rule and measure. It is prudence that immediately guides the judgment
of conscience. With the help of this virtue we apply moral principles
to particular cases without error and overcome doubts about the
good to achieve and the evil to avoid.
Justice consists in the firm and constant
will to give God and neighbor their due. Justice toward God is called
the "virtue of religion." Justice toward men disposes
one to respect the rights of each and to establish in human relationships
the harmony that promotes equity with regard to persons and to the
Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties
and constancy in the pursuit of the good. It strengthens the resolve
to resist temptations and to overcome obstacles in the moral life.
The virtue of fortitude enables one to conquer fear, even fear of
death, and to face trials and persecutions. It disposes one even
to renounce and sacrifice his life in defense of a just cause.
Temperance moderates the attraction of
the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created
goods. It ensures the will's mastery over instincts and keeps desires
within the limits of what is honorable. The temperate person directs
the sensitive appetites toward what is good and maintains a healthy
The moral or Cardinal virtues grow through education, deliberate
acts, and perseverance in struggle. Divine grace purifies and elevates
Aside from the Cardinal Virtues, there are also Theological Virtues.
The theological virtues are the foundation of Christian moral activity;
they animate it and give it its special character. They inform and
give life to all the moral virtues. They are infused by God into
the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his
children and of meriting eternal life. They are the pledge of the
presence and action of the Holy Spirit in the faculties of the human
being. There are three theological virtues: faith,
hope, and charity.
we believe in God and believe all that he has revealed to us and
that Holy Church proposes for our belief.
By hope we
desire, and with steadfast trust await from God, eternal life and
the graces to merit it.
we love God above all things and our neighbor as ourselves for love
of God. Charity, the form of all the virtues, "binds everything
together in perfect harmony"
The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit bestowed upon Christians are
wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and
fear of the Lord.
OF THE SAINTS
St. Felix II
St Felix II, the pope is an ancestor of the future Pope St. Gregory the Great who lived from 540 to 604.
Blessed Charles the Good
Count Charles of Flanders, was called "the good" by the people of his kingdom. They named him for what they found him to truly be.
Blessed Katharine Drexel
Blessed Katharine was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on November 26, 1858. Katharine's mother died when she was a baby.
St. Casimir was born in 1458, son of Casimir IV, king of Poland. Casimir was one of thirteen children.
St. John Joseph of the Cross
St. John Joseph of the Cross was born in southern Italy on the feast of the Assumption, 1654. He was a young noble, but he dressed like a poor man.
St. Nicolette was named in honor of St. Nicholas of Myra. She was born in 1380. Her loving parents nicknamed her Colette from the time she was a baby.
St. Perpetua and St. Felicity
St. Perpetua and St. Felicity lived in Carthage, North Africa, in the third century. It was the time of the fierce persecution of Christians by Emperor Septimus Severus.
St. John of God
St. John was born in Portugal on March 8, 1495. His parents were poor, but deeply Christian. John was a restless boy.
St. Frances of Rome
St. Frances was born in 1384. Her parents were wealthy, but they taught Frances to be concerned about people and to live a good Christian life.
St. Simplicius became pope in 468. Sometimes it seemed to him that he was all alone in trying to correct evils that were everywhere.
St. Eulogius of Spain
St. Eulogius lived in the ninth century. His family was well-known and he received an excellent education. While he learned his lessons, he also learned from the good example of his teachers.
St. Fina (Seraphina)
St. Fina was born in a little Italian town called San Geminiano. Her parents had once been well off, but misfortune had left them poor.
St. Euphrasia was born in the fifth century to deeply Christian parents. Her father, a relative of the emperor, died when she was a year old.
St. Matilda was born about 895, the daughter of a German count. When she was still quite young, her parents arranged her marriage to a nobleman named Henry.
St. Zachary was a Benedictine monk from Greece who lived in the eighth century. He became a cardinal and then pope.
Blessed Torello was born in 1202, in Poppi, Italy. His life as a child in the village was ordinary and uneventful. But after his father's death.
St. Patrick was believed born in fifth-century Britain to Roman parents. When he was sixteen, he was captured by pirates and taken to Ireland.
St. Cyril of Jerusalem
St. Cyril was born around 315 when a new phase was beginning for Christians. Before that date, the Church was persecuted by the emperors.
St. Joseph is a great saint. He was Jesus' foster-father and Mary's husband.
St. Cuthbert lived in England in the seventh century. He was a poor shepherd boy who loved to play games with his friends.
St. Serapion lived in Egypt in the fourth century. Those were exciting times for the Church and for St. Serapion.
St. Deogratias was ordained bishop of the City of Carthage when it was taken over by barbarian armies in 439.
St. Turibius of Mongrovejo
St. Turibius was born in 1538 in Leon, Spain. He became a university professor and then a famous judge.
Blessed Didacus Joseph was born on March 29, 1743, in Cadiz, Spain. He was baptized Joseph Francis.
ANNUNCIATION OF THE LORD
The time arrived for Jesus to come down from heaven. God sent the Archangel Gabriel to the town of Nazareth where Mary lived.
St. Ludger was born in northern Europe in the eighth century. After he had studied hard for many years, he was ordained a priest.
St. John of Egypt
St. John was man who desired to be alone with God was to become one of the most famous hermits of his time.
St. Tutilo lived in the late ninth and early tenth centuries. He was educated at the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Gall.
St. Jonas and St. Barachisius
King Sapor of Persia reigned in the fourth century. He hated Christians and persecuted them cruelly. He destroyed their churches and monasteries.
St. John Climacus
St. John was believed born in Palestine in the seventh century. He seems to have been a disciple of St. Gregory Nazianzen.
Blessed Joan of Toulouse
In 1240, some Carmelite brothers from Palestine started a monastery in Toulouse, France.
PHOTO OF THE MONTH
of the Relics of the Passion
for Holy Relics)
Why did Jesus, the sinless one sent from the Father in heaven,
submit himself to John’s baptism? John preached a
baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke
3:3). In this humble submission we see a foreshadowing of
the “baptism” of Jesus bloody death upon the
cross. Jesus’ baptism is the acceptance and the beginning
of his mission as God’s suffering Servant (Isaiah
52:13-15; 53:1-12). He allowed himself to be numbered among
sinners. Jesus submitted himself entirely to his Father’s
will. Out of love he consented to this baptism of death
for the remission of our sins. Do you know the joy of trust
and submission to God?