A virtue is a habitual and firm disposition to do the good. It
allows the person not only to perform good acts, but to give the
best of him. The virtuous person tends toward the good with all
his sensory and spiritual powers; he pursues the good and chooses
it in concrete actions.
Human virtues are firm attitudes, stable dispositions, and habitual
perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order
our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith.
They make possible ease, self-mastery, and joy in leading a morally
good life. The virtuous man is he who freely practices the good.
The moral virtues are acquired by human effort. They are the fruit
and seed of morally good acts; they dispose all the powers of the
human being for communion with divine love.
In Catholic teachings there are two kinds of virtues, the Cardinal
virtues and the Theological virtues.
The Cardinal Virtues
are Prudence, Fortitude, Temperance, and Justice.
Prudence disposes the practical reason
to discern, in every circumstance, our true good and to choose the
right means for achieving it. It guides the other virtues by setting
rule and measure. It is prudence that immediately guides the judgment
of conscience. With the help of this virtue we apply moral principles
to particular cases without error and overcome doubts about the
good to achieve and the evil to avoid.
Justice consists in the firm and constant
will to give God and neighbor their due. Justice toward God is called
the "virtue of religion." Justice toward men disposes
one to respect the rights of each and to establish in human relationships
the harmony that promotes equity with regard to persons and to the
Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties
and constancy in the pursuit of the good. It strengthens the resolve
to resist temptations and to overcome obstacles in the moral life.
The virtue of fortitude enables one to conquer fear, even fear of
death, and to face trials and persecutions. It disposes one even
to renounce and sacrifice his life in defense of a just cause.
Temperance moderates the attraction of
the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created
goods. It ensures the will's mastery over instincts and keeps desires
within the limits of what is honorable. The temperate person directs
the sensitive appetites toward what is good and maintains a healthy
The moral or Cardinal virtues grow through education, deliberate
acts, and perseverance in struggle. Divine grace purifies and elevates
Aside from the Cardinal Virtues, there are also Theological Virtues.
The theological virtues are the foundation of Christian moral activity;
they animate it and give it its special character. They inform and
give life to all the moral virtues. They are infused by God into
the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his
children and of meriting eternal life. They are the pledge of the
presence and action of the Holy Spirit in the faculties of the human
being. There are three theological virtues: faith,
hope, and charity.
we believe in God and believe all that he has revealed to us and
that Holy Church proposes for our belief.
By hope we
desire, and with steadfast trust await from God, eternal life and
the graces to merit it.
we love God above all things and our neighbor as ourselves for love
of God. Charity, the form of all the virtues, "binds everything
together in perfect harmony"
The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit bestowed upon Christians are
wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and
fear of the Lord.
OF THE SAINTS
ST. EDMUND CAMPION
St. Edmund lived in the sixteenth century. He was a very popular young English student who was a great speaker.
St. Bibiana's father Flavian had been prefect of the city of Rome in early Christian times.
ST. FRANCIS XAVIER
St. Francis Xavier, the great missionary, was born at Xavier Castle in Spain in 1506.
ST. JOHN DAMASCENE
St. John lived in the eighth century. He was born in the city of Damascus of a good Christian family
St. Sabas, born in 439, is one of the most famous monks of Palestine.
St. Nicholas is the great patron of children and of Christmas giving.
St. Ambrose was born around 340. He was the son of the Roman governor of Gaul.
IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF MARY
Our first parents offended God by sinning seriously.
BLESSED JUAN DIEGO
St. Juan Diego is well-known because the Mother of God appeared to him.
ST. JOHN ROBERTS
St. John was born in Wales in 1577. Although he was not a Catholic, he was taught by an elderly priest.
ST. DAMASUS I
ST. Damasus was born in Rome and lived in the fourth century-exciting times for the Church.
OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE
We celebrate the event of Mary's appearances on Tepyac Hill in Mexico.
St. Lucy, the beloved saint, lived in Syracuse, Sicily. She was born toward the end of the third century.
ST. JOHN OF THE CROSS
St. John was born in Spain in 1542. He was the son of a weaver.
St. Nino was a Christian girl who lived in the fourth century.
St. Adelaide was born in 931. At the age of sixteen, this Burgundian princess was married to King Lothair.
St. Olympias was born around the year 361. She belonged to a great family of Constantinople.
St. Flannan lived around the seventh century. He was the son of an Irish chieftain named Turlough. Flannan was educated by the monks.
BLESSED URBAN V
Blessed Urban's name before he became pope was William de Grimoard.
ST. DOMINIC OF SILOS
St. Dominic, a Spanish shepherd boy, was born at the beginning of the eleventh century.
ST. PETER CANISIUS
ST. Peter, a Dutch man, was born in 1521. His father wanted him to be a lawyer.
ST. CHAEREMON AND ST. ISCHYRION AND OTHER MARTYRS
The third century was marked by Roman persecutions of the Church.
ST. JOHN OF KANTY
St. John, the Polish saint, was born in 1390, the son of good country folk.
ST. MARGUERITE D'YOUVILLE
St. Marguerite was born in Quebec, Canada, on October 15, 1701.
St. Charbel was born Youssef Makhlouf on May 8, 1828, in a mountain village in Lebanon.
CHRISTMAS, THE BIRTHDAY OF JESUS
The time had come for the Son of God to become man for love of us.
St. Stephen's name means crown. He was the first disciple of Jesus to receive the martyr's crown.
ST. JOHN THE APOSTLE
St. John was a fisherman in Galilee. He was called to be an apostle.
THE HOLY INNOCENTS
When Jesus was born in Bethlehem, the Wise Men came from the east to worship him.
ST. THOMAS BECKET
St. Thomas Becket was born in 1118, in London, England.
St. Anysia lived in Thessalonica toward the end of the second century.
St. Sylvester dates back to early Christian times, to the reign of Constantine.
PHOTO OF THE MONTH
of the Relics of the Passion
for Holy Relics)
Why did Jesus, the sinless one sent from the Father in heaven,
submit himself to John’s baptism? John preached a
baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke
3:3). In this humble submission we see a foreshadowing of
the “baptism” of Jesus bloody death upon the
cross. Jesus’ baptism is the acceptance and the beginning
of his mission as God’s suffering Servant (Isaiah
52:13-15; 53:1-12). He allowed himself to be numbered among
sinners. Jesus submitted himself entirely to his Father’s
will. Out of love he consented to this baptism of death
for the remission of our sins. Do you know the joy of trust
and submission to God?